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Website Research

Content adapted from the guide Website Research by Rebecca Hill Renirie, Central Michigan University Libraries, retrieved from

Website Research

Websites can be used for references in papers just like articles, or books.  Maybe you've been given instructions to find websites that are "scholarly".  While websites usually aren't peer-reviewed in the same way that books or articles are, you DO want to make sure the websites you use have information that is current, relevant, accurate, reliable, and unbiased, and put online by someone who knows what they're talking about.  Use this guide to find out how to check websites for credibility!


Why do websites end in .com, .org, .edu, or .gov? Find out how to search Google for each type.

Scott Schiller, 2009,


Learn the basics of evaluating a website with the CRAAP test - it's not as bad as it sounds!

Enokson, 2010,

Example Websites

Put your CRAAP knowledge to the test with these examples of what NOT to use in a research paper.

epSos .de, 2012,

Fake News

Find out more about fake news and how to spot biases and misleading information in news media.

Stuart Rankin, 2017,

Wikipedia References

"NO WIKIPEDIA" says your prof, but the information there might lead to websites you CAN use.

mikeedesign, 2008,

Open Access

Free collections of resources online - including some scholarly research articles.

biblioteekje, 2009,

Picture Permissions

All licensed for use under Creative Commons